climate of punjab

Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year 2. Punjab follows the parliamentary system of government with the Chief Minister, currently Captain Amarinder Singh, as the head of government. Further, the mean monthly temperature range varies between 9 °C (48 °F) in July to approximately 18 °C (64 °F) in November.[113]. Circa 1000, the Punjab came under the rule of Muslims[21] and was part of the Delhi Sultanate,[22][23] Mughal Empire,[24][25] and Durrani Empire. The climate of Punjab is of continental nature with considerable heat in summer while winters are positively cold. The monsoon is brought by the monsoonal winds blowing over the Bay of Bengal. London: J. Murray, 1903", "Macdonell, Arthur Anthony. Under what climatic conditions are tropical evergreen forests develop? [8] Most of the Punjab lies in a fertile, alluvial plain with many rivers and an extensive irrigation canal system. Several months of the year it is warm to hot at temperatures continuously above 25 degrees … Buffaloes graze around the banks of rivers. Maharaja Gulab Singh and Raja Dhian Singh were the top generals of the army. Punjab > Lahore. [3] 32% of Punjab's population consists of Dalits. Devi Talab Mandir is a Hindu temple located in Jalandhar. [163] Punjabi romantic dances include Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and Sammi and some other local folk dances. Much of this was in the 80s during the height of militancy in Punjab. [141] There is an existing gap in education between men and women, particularly in rural areas of Punjab. Punjab is a state in northwest region of India and is one of the most prosperous states. [26] Sikhism was founded in the 1500s and 1600s by the Sikh Gurus in the Punjab and resulted in the formation of the Sikh Confederacy after the fall of the Mughal Empire and ensuing conflict with the Durrani Empire. The maximum temperature during the summer in Ludhiana remains above 41 °C (106 °F) for a duration of one and a half months. The empire extended from the Khyber Pass in the west, to Kashmir in the north, to Sindh in the south, and Tibet in the east. Pre-summer season (March to mid-April): This is the period of transition between winter and summer. The southwest of the state is semiarid, eventually merging into the Thar Desert. Post-monsoon season (Sep to Nov end). DMPQ-What is natural vegetation? Punjab has the largest population of Sikhs in India and is the only state where Sikhs form a majority, numbering around 16 million forming 57.69% of the state population. Interested in the detailed Weather and Climate of Punjab, India? Very high altitudes modify the climate in the cold, snow-covered northern mountains; temperatures on the Balochistan plateau are somewhat higher. The time between October and November is the transitional period between monsoon and winter seasons. [113], Punjab experiences its minimum temperature from December to February. The five rivers are the Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Jehlum (also spelled Jhelum). Punjab police is headed by its DGP, Dinkar Gupta,[121] and has 70,000 employees. Punjab Climate Punjab has many different climates, but is dominated by Af. A Popular Dictionary of Sikhism: Sikh Religion and Philosophy, having the second-slowest GDP per capita growth rate of all Indian states and UTs between 2000 and 2010, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Ludhiana Climatological Table, 1981-2010", Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar, Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport, List of cities in Punjab and Chandigarh by population, Punjab State Board of Technical Education and Industrial Training, List of institutions of higher education in Punjab, List of Punjabi-language television channels, List of Monuments of National Importance in Punjab, https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)", "Border Area Development Programmes in Punjab", "Official site of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, India", "Districts of Punjab - Area & Population", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Punjab", "Population by religion community – 2011", The Islamic World to 1600: Rise of the Great Islamic Empires (The Mughal Empire), "How Punjab [sic] economy can be revived", "Punjab, Star of India's Rise, Faces Steep Fall", "Centrally Planned Inequality: The Tale of Two States – Punjab and Bihar", "MOSPI Net State Domestic Product, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India", "Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of India - Agricultural Statistics at a glance 2018", "Top 5 wheat producing states in India: Facts and Figures", "States with highest and lowest production of wheat in last four years", Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, "State-wise Production of Rice from 2010-11 to 2014-15", Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, "Top 10 rice producing states in India: Rice production and area under cultivation", "Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Government of India - Opportunities in Dairy Sector in India", "Nation Dairy Development Board, Government of India - Milk Production by States/UTs", "The Jats in Punjab comprise only 21 per cent population of the total 60 per cent Sikhs, yet they have been ruling and dominating politics in Punjab for decades", Simmering discontent: Sikhs in Punjab are fighting many wars, "The Bhangra Breakdown – June 2014 Edition", "Kirron Kher tries to get film city for Chandigarh", "Kirron Kher is trying to bring a film city to Chandigarh", "How Punjab became home to India's largest non-film music industry", "Everyone's a rockstar in Mohali, the city at the heart of a Punjabi music boom", Some Aspects of Ancient Indian Culture: Sir WIlliam Meyers Lectures, 1938-39, "River Sarasvati was a Himalayn-born river", "Yule, Henry, Sir. Punjab Geography Notes are designed by PPSC Toppers and other civil servants. The Shiwalik Hills extend along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas. [52] A belt of undulating hills extends along the northeastern part of the state at the foot of the Himalayas. [65] Minerals and energy resources also contribute to Punjab's economy to a much lesser extent. The mystic folk songs and religious songs include the Shalooks of Sikh gurus, Baba Farid and others. [192], The Golden Temple in Amritsar is one of the major tourist destinations of Punjab and indeed India, attracting more visitors than the Taj Mahal. Wildlife sanctuaries include the Harike in the district of Tarn Taran Sahib, the Zoological Park in Rupnagar, Chhatbir Bansar Garden in Sangrur, Aam Khas Bagh in Sirhind, Amritsar's famous Ram Bagh, Shalimar Garden in Kapurthala, and the famous Baradari Garden in the city of Patiala. Singh Badnore, is a mostly ceremonial head of state appointed by the President of India; the Governor of Punjab has also served as the Administrator of Chandigarh as well since 1984. During the war, some of the states in the region gave their allegiance to British General Gerard Lake. Primary and Secondary education is mainly affiliated to Punjab School Education Board. Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan. The climate of plain regions is very hot in summers and quite cold in winter. This monsoon current enters the state from the southeast in the first week of July. Each district under the administrative control of a District Collector. [178], There are many regional dishes that are famous in some regions only. The state of Punjab has large wetland areas, bird sanctuaries that house numerous species of birds, and many zoological parks. [140], Punjab Agricultural University is a leading institution globally for the study of agriculture and played a significant role in Punjab's Green Revolution in the 1960s–70s. Patiala is 31 miles from Mohali, so the actual climate in Mohali can vary a bit. Major deities worshiped include Rama and Sita from the Ramayana, Krishna and Radha from the Mahabharata, the Trimurti and Tridevi of Shiva and Parvati, Vishnu and Lakshmi, and Brahma and Sarasvati, along with other prominent deities such as Durga, Ganesha, and Hanuman. The mean night and day temperature fall to 5oC and 12oC respectively. Get the Punjab weather forecast. Amritsar Junction Railway Station is the busiest junction of the state. [5] Punjab's economy has been primarily agriculture-based since the Green Revolution due to the presence of abundant water sources and fertile soils;[51] most of the state lies in a fertile alluvial plain with many rivers and an extensive irrigation canal system. The area experiences pressure variations during summer months. Summers are very hot. DMPQ-What is Ayushman Bharatyojna ? [69] Other major industries include financial services, the manufacturing of scientific instruments, agricultural goods, electrical goods, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines, sports goods, starch, fertilisers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. [11] Elaborate the Legislative powers and functions of India’s Parliament. Patiala is home to the Bir forest while the wetlands area in Punjab is home to the Mand forest. Before the advent of Islam, and later birth of Sikhism, Hinduism was the main religion practised by the Punjabi people. DMPQ-. Punjab has 22 districts which are geographically classified into Majha, Malwa, Doaba and Poadh regions. The effect of winter season diminishes by the first week of March. In the plain the mean June temperature reaches the mid-90s F (mid-30s C), while the mean January temperature is in the mid-50s F (low 10s C). [124] It produces 10.26% of India's cotton, 19.5% of India's wheat, and 11% of India's rice. A major C.B.S.E event C.B.S.E Cluster Athlectics also held in Punjab at Sant Baba Bhag Singh University. This triggered bitter protests by the Sikhs in Punjab, who could not countenance living in a Muslim state. Talab Mandir is a local steppe climate climate remains the most famous of the state 12,278... A period of ancient India. [ 131 ] even PPSC Mains Exam also sometimes as. By the extreme hot and extreme cold conditions January and February climate of punjab during the winter season diminishes by the winds. Rainfall than those at a distance minimal in January frontier to secure their northernmost possessions against the succession struggles the. 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